The Mediterranean diet is often touted as a sort of anti-diet: a recipe for health and longevity that revolves around the region’s celebrated love of olive oil, vegetables, nuts, seafood and the occasional glass of red wine. But even this seemingly less dogmatic prescription is laced with complexity. First, the evidence is questionable: Much of the credit applied to the Mediterranean diet was fortified by a 2013 study run by PREDIMED, which has now been widely discredited, since approximately 20% of the participants were not randomly selected. This story is from Kinfolk Issue Forty-One Buy Now Related Stories Food Issue 41 A Mediterranean Supper Four citrusy recipes from the kitchen of Anissa Helou. Food Issue 41 An Herb Shop in Athens Herb specialist Evangelia Koutsovoulou treats Greek greens with the same reverence as wine and cheese. Food Issue 49 Andy Baraghani Out of the kitchen, and onto your plates, shelves and screens. Food Issue 49 The Pizza Effect What happens when a trend is taken out of its country of origin, Americanized, and then re-injected into the zeitgeist at home? Food Issue 48 Rose Chalalai Singh On cooking for the art world elite. Food Issue 48 Thirst Aid Five alcohol-free cocktails for the summer.