The Mediterranean diet is often touted as a sort of anti-diet: a recipe for health and longevity that revolves around the region’s celebrated love of olive oil, vegetables, nuts, seafood and the occasional glass of red wine. But even this seemingly less dogmatic prescription is laced with complexity. First, the evidence is questionable: Much of the credit applied to the Mediterranean diet was fortified by a 2013 study run by PREDIMED, which has now been widely discredited, since approximately 20% of the participants were not randomly selected. This story is from Kinfolk Issue Forty-One Buy Now Related Stories Food Issue 41 A Mediterranean Supper Four citrusy recipes from the kitchen of Anissa Helou. Food Issue 41 An Herb Shop in Athens Herb specialist Evangelia Koutsovoulou treats Greek greens with the same reverence as wine and cheese. Food Issue 44 Pierre Thiam From West Africa to the world. Food Issue 44 Whip Up a Storm Cozy recipes for inclement weather. Arts & Culture Food Issue 43 Cold Comfort The plain decency of a doorstep casserole. Food Issue 42 Erchen Chang Bigger, better, bao-ier.